Younger Americans Are Experiencing Strokes!!

Posted by Steven Reinberg, HealthDay Reporter 

The study looked at a sample of data from some U.S. stroke hospitalizations. From 2003 to 2004 in this sample, more than 141,000 people from 18 to 65 were admitted to hospitals for stroke. By 2011 to 2012, that number had risen to more than 171,000, researchers found.

“Our results stress the importance of prevention of stroke risk factors in younger adults,” said lead author Dr. Mary George. She’s a senior medical officer with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s division of heart disease and stroke prevention.

“Young adults, ages 18 to 54, are experiencing a small but sustained increase in stroke and in the prevalence of traditional stroke risk factors, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol, tobacco use and obesity,” George said.

Up to 80 percent of strokes are thought to be preventable, she said.

George said the study’s findings “should prompt a sense of urgency to promote and engage young adults in practicing healthy behaviors, such as exercising, eating a healthy diet that includes plenty of fruits and vegetables, avoiding smoking, and maintaining a healthy weight.”

The impact of a stroke is significant at any stage of life, she said.

But George added, “It is uniquely complex when younger adults in the midst of careers, serving as wage earners and caregivers, may suffer disability that can impact their lives and the lives of family members and loved ones.”

Stroke is the fifth leading cause of death in the United States. Each year stroke kills more than 130,000 Americans. Stroke is also a leading cause of disability, George said.
To study trends in stroke, the researchers used a database of some U.S. hospital stays gleaned from billing records. The 2003-2004 data included more than 362,000 stroke hospitalizations. The 2011-2012 information included nearly 422,000 stroke hospitalizations.

There are two types of stroke: ischemic and hemorrhagic. An ischemic stroke, sometimes called a brain attack, is a stroke that occurs when a blood clot blocks the blood supply to the brain. Hemorrhagic strokes are caused by bleeding in the brain from a ruptured blood vessel.

Men between 35 and 44 years old saw a striking increase of 41.5 percent in hospitalizations from ischemic stroke over the two study periods.

The researchers found that the rate of hemorrhagic strokes remained basically stable during the study period. The one exception was in the 45 to 54 age group. There was a slight decline in hemorrhagic strokes for men and blacks in that age group, the study showed.

The researchers think an increase in stroke risk factors, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol, obesity and smoking, are behind the rise in strokes among younger adults.

During the study, the percentage of people with three or more stroke risk factors roughly doubled for all age groups.

“Preventing and controlling stroke risk factors among young adults can save lives, reduce disability, decrease health care costs and improve the quality of life for tens of thousands of people and their families,” George said.

The study was published online April 10 in the journal JAMA Neurology.

One specialist questioned the use of billing data to uncover trends in stroke and isn’t sure a real increase in strokes among younger adults is occurring.

“The systems for counting stroke in the United States are extremely limited,” said Dr. James Burke, an assistant professor of neurology at the University of Michigan.

“Credible alternatives may explain what appears to be an increase in stroke among young men and women, but is not,” said Burke, who co-wrote an accompanying journal editorial.

“MRIs are more widely used, which can lead to an increase in diagnosis of stroke,” he said.

“MRIs are being used for all kinds of things, and so when you put lots and lots of people in MRI scanners, for example for headaches, we will find asymptomatic brain injury that is stroke-like, and how much classifying of these as stroke is not clear,” Burke said.
In addition, the United States doesn’t have extensive databases that track patients and medical conditions, he said.

“Our ability to make strong conclusions is surprisingly limited since we don’t have national health data on everybody. When we are making these measurements, we are looking at a small chunk of the population,” Burke said.

Copyright © 2017 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Understanding a stroke

Unknown

See more at National Stroke Association

Stroke is the fifth leading cause of death in America and a leading cause of adult disability.  Yet, research shows that too few people know what a stroke is and how to recognize when stroke is happening.

Learn more about stroke, how to prevent a stroke from happening to you, and  how learning the signs and symptoms could save the life of your loved ones.

What is a stroke?

A stroke happens when blood flow to an area of the brain is cut off.  Brain cells are deprived of oxygen and begin to die.  A stroke can cause you to permanently loose speech, movement and memory.  Read more about what a stroke is, types, and signs and symptoms of a stroke.

Recognizing Stroke

Each year about 185,000 people die from a stroke. By learning the many warning signs of a stroke – you can help save a life.

Preventing Stroke

Up to 80 percent of strokes can be prevented. Stroke can happen to anyone—at any time and any age. Arming yourself with information about stroke prevention is the first step in saving your life and the life of your loved ones.

 Impact of Stroke

With nearly 7 million stroke survivors and as fifth leading cause of death, stroke has a large impact on society. Learn more about the impact of stroke on women, minorities, and kids.

Grapes are good!

The Great Grape Debate

Posted by Teresa Bitler

You’ve probably heard that drinking red wine in moderation can help reduce your risk of heart attack, blood clots and, according to some studies, even stroke. But, did you know that grapes and grape juice may have some of the same health benefits?

Grapes as a Super Food

Red and purple-skinned grapes, especially Concord grapes, are high in antioxidants, which have been shown to:
• Protect against heart disease
• Reduce blood clot formation
• Prevent damage caused by oxygen radicals
• Inhibit cell proliferation and cancer
• Lower blood pressure and cholesterol

Unfortunately, you may not experience the benefits by simply increasing your intake of seedless table grapes since a grape’s antioxidants are mainly found in the seeds and skins. For an antioxidant boost, consume dark-skinned, seeded varieties.

Want an additional health benefit? Eating grapes provides the dietary fiber you won’t get from juice.

The Health Benefits of Grape Juice

Don’t count juice out, though. Concord grape juice actually has more antioxidants than the fruit itself since, during the crushing process, the fruit is pulverized along with the seeds, skin, and stems (also high in antioxidants) before it’s pressed and strained.

While research suggests that Concord grape juice has similar health benefits to wine, it has half of the polyphenols, a type of antioxidant, by volume as red wine, meaning that you would have to consume twice as much grape juice to produce the same effect you get from red wine.

However, grape juice hydrates you versus dehydrates you as alcohol can.

The Health Benefits of Red Wine

Red wine is more than just grape juice that has become alcohol. It’s more concentrated—each ounce of wine contains about one and a half ounces of grapes—and the alcohol magnifies the polyphenols, so you get even more antioxidants. Additionally, researchers believe that the alcohol in red wine may help the body absorb more of the antioxidants from the food you eat while drinking it.

But, moderation—one 5-ounce serving per day for woman, two for men— is the key. Drinking in moderation can decrease your risk of heart attack and stroke while drinking in excess can increase your risk.

The Best Choice for You

Even though red wine has the highest concentration of antioxidants, it’s not the best choice for everyone. For the best recommendation, be sure to discuss the antioxidant benefits of grapes with your doctor.

Fact or Myth……

 


MYTH


FACT

MYTH: Stroke cannot be prevented. FACT: Up to 80 percent of strokes are preventable.
MYTH: There is no treatment for stroke. FACT: At any sign of stroke call 9-1-1- immediately. Treatment may be available.
MYTH: Stroke only affects the elderly. FACT: Stroke can happen to anyone at any time.
MYTH: Stroke happens in the heart. FACT: Stroke is a “brain attack”.
MYTH: Stroke recovery only happens for the first few months after a stroke. FACT: Stroke recovery is a lifelong process.
MYTH: Strokes are rare. FACT: There are nearly 7 million stroke survivors in the U.S. Stroke is the 4th leading cause of death in the U.S.
MYTH: Strokes are not hereditary. FACT: Family history of stroke increases your chance for stroke.
MYTH: If stroke symptoms go away, you don’t have to see a doctor. FACT: Temporary stroke symptoms are called transient ischemic attacks (TIA). They are warning signs prior to actual stroke and need to be taken seriously.

Source: National Stroke Association